About Fertility

Treatment For Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Treatment For Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

The treatment for recurrent pregnancy loss should depend on the underlying causes contributing to loss. Unfortunately, the precise cause for loss remains unknown in many cases, and thus, effective treatment modalities remain elusive. Many empiric therapies involving immunologic phenomena such as intravenous immunoglobulin, leukocyte immunization, and even low-dose aspirin therapy have been proposed, but studies to date have disproven their effectiveness, and health-related issues potentially caused by these now disproven empiric therapies further limit their use.

When Should Fibroids or Polyps be Removed to Prevent Recurrent Pregnancy Loss?

With emphasis on maintaining fertility, a conservative approach is most often taken. The current standard of care is to remove and partially remove those fibroids impinging upon the uterine cavity. Data demonstrates that fibroids influencing the cavity reduce the chances of pregnancy. Outpatient surgery involving hysteroscopy with the removal of any intrauterine filling defect (polyps, fibroids, or adhesions) or resection of a uterine septum should be done in cases where an anatomic abnormality has been found. Surgery should also be considered in cases where there are large fibroids (>5cm) within the uterus muscle, even if the uterine cavity appears normal.

Hormonal Causes of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

If certain hormones are imbalanced recurrent miscarriage can occur. Hormonal problems are treated with medical therapies such as thyroid hormone replacement in cases of hypothyroidism where there is an elevated TSH level, dopaminergic drugs in cases where there is an elevated Prolactin, and insulin-sensitizing agents if there is evidence of high insulin levels as often occurs in cases of PCOS associated severe ovulation dysfunction.

Ovulation Disorders and Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

An ovulation disorder can be a common cause of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. In a typical menstrual cycle, which is around 28 days, a woman will ovulate once. During this time the endocrine system prepares the body for pregnancy by releasing hormones such as follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and gonadatropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). These hormones play a crucial role in helping an egg mature when in the ovary. Some women may have a hormone imbalance or deficiency that can cause inconsistent ovulation.

Ovulation induction with gonadotropins is used in cases of disordered ovulation. However, clomiphene citrate has no place in the management of recurrent pregnancy loss associated with ovulation dysfunction due to its anti-estrogen effects. Luteal support with progesterone may be warranted in some cases, but the efficacy of this therapy has not been found.

Contact Us

No matter what your situation, we will work with you toward a solution. At Fertility Centers of New England, our team keeps on top of the latest advances in assisted reproductive technology and tailors treatment for each person.

Contact us to schedule your initial consultation to discuss treatment for recurrent pregnancy loss. We are here for you.

Book a Consultation

You May Also Like

BPA and Miscarriage

A recent study presented at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine being held this week in Boston examined a possible link between BPA and miscarriage. BPA (bisphenol-A) is a chemical found…

Caffeine and Miscarriage

Some studies have found a link between daily caffeine consumption and reproductive difficulty. A recent NIH sponsored study from the University of Ohio reported that both men and women who drink…

How Long to Wait to Try Again After a Miscarriage

A common question we receive is how long to wait to try again after a miscarriage? Clinicians traditionally have advised those who have suffered a miscarriage not associated with a…