The Maternal-Fetal Bond

maternal fetal attachment

The maternal-fetal bond begins at conception with implantation of the embryo. The embryo embeds itself into the maternal endometrium and then begins the process of establishing a data network. The mode in which the fetal signals are transferred to the maternal side, and vice versa, are through newly developed blood vessels. Because the maternal and […]

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Reasons Why It Is Harder For Women to Lose Weight

Weight Loss for Men vs Women

Achieving ideal body weight is part of a healthy life style and may also be involved in fertility and pregnancy success. Achieving ideal body weight, however, is very difficult. Here are some reasons why it is harder for women to lose weight. There are several biological reasons for this discrepancy. First, women have more fat […]

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BMI and Reproductive Function

Proof–of–principle experiments in mice and lower primates demonstrate a clear association between leptin, energy balance and reproductive health. Obese individuals often demonstrate aberration in leptin signaling. Either they have higher sustained levels of leptin (it is produced in peripheral fat cells) and or demonstrate leptin resistance (similar to having a key that does not quite […]

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When is Thin Too Thin?

Leptin is a crucial metabolic regulator of energy sufficiency and control of proper reproductive function. Women of insufficient BMI (body mass index) often may have a cessation of their menstrual cycle, and subsequently, suppression of the reproductive access. This type of menstrual irregularity is attributed to the diagnosis of hypothalamic amenorrhea. When is thin too […]

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Leptin, the Hunger Hormone

Many hormones and interactions are crucial to the dynamic process we call reproduction. What remains elusive is whether there is a single molecular switch, a common regulatory element that governs the process. And along came leptin, a neurohormone which remains a candidate for this position. Leptin, the hunger hormone,  is a hormone signal that wears […]

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