Should Men Refrain or Repair Varicoceles That Could Cause Infertility?

Should Men Refrain or Repair Varicoceles That Could Cause Infertility?

Clinical varicoceles are common. They represent as a dilated grouping of veins and the added temperature imparted, or decrease in testicular vascular drainage are believed to affect negatively the testicular environment. This altered environment is believed to alter sperm parameters. Some may be symptomatic, affording men a dull, achy pain with intercourse.  Others, a common […]

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Metformin Can Decrease the Risk of Late Miscarriage in Women With PCOS

Metformin Can Decrease the Risk of Late Miscarriage in Women With PCOS

Many women with PCOS and borderline diabetes are prescribed Metformin for control of glucose levels as they are attempting to conceive. There have been a number of studies that show use of this medication can increase fertility and decrease the risk of of an early miscarriage. A study presented at the annual Endocrine Society meeting […]

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Why Measure Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Why Measure Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine organ at the base of the neck that helps regulate metabolism. Thyroid disease is a common ailment affecting over 6% of reproductive age women. Thyroid disease is 5 to 8 times more common in women than in men. The easiest way of determining thyroid function is by measuring Thyroid […]

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Vitamin D Levels May Reduce the Risk of Miscarriage

Vitamin D Levels May Reduce the Risk of Miscarriage

A recent study published in the Lancet suggests that Vitamin D levels may reduce the risk of miscarriage in women who have already had a miscarriage. In this prospective cohort study, investigators followed 1191 women who were trying to conceive and had at least one prior loss. At baseline, 47% of women had adequate Vitamin […]

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Gut Microbes May Contribute to Fertility

The advent of molecular genetics affords us a look into the machinations of systems previously undefined. Uncountable number of microbes, fungi and viruses live (mostly happily) in our gut bound by the limits of the mouth and the parts below. Their workings in concert and sometimes, adversarial, are the composition of the human microbiome. This […]

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Low Sperm Count is a Marker of Men’s General Health

Low Sperm Count is a Marker of Men’s General Health

Investigators from the University of Padova in Italy reported at the Endocrine Society Annual Meeting March 2018 that low sperm count is a marker of men’s general health. Men (n=5177) from infertile couples with a low sperm count had a 12-fold increase of having low testosterone. They also had higher body mass index, waist circumference, […]

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New Structure Discovered in Human Sperm Tails

New Structure Discovered in Human Sperm Tails

Sperm are essential for reproduction. Normal sperm parameters (count, motility and morphology) are important for fertilization to occur following intercourse. In order for sperm to be motile, a highly effective sperm tail is needed to propel the sperm though the cervix and uterus into the fallopian tube to find the ovulated egg. A new structure […]

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Removing the Stigmas That Stand in the Way of Building Families

national infertility awareness

This week is National Infertility Awareness Week and as such it is important to dispel many of the myths surrounding fertility by busting them with facts. Myths are defined as an unproven or false collective belief that is used to explain phenomena of nature. Facts are defined as something that actually exists or is in reality […]

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The Long-Term Effects of Marijuana on Mother and Baby

effects of marijuana on mother and baby

The increase of legalization of marijuana does not decrease the concern for the effects of maternal and fetal exposure during pregnancy and potential negative outcomes on the child.  The legalization of marijuana, does however, suggest the potential for growing use, even during pregnancy. National survey suggest that reproductive-aged women believe that little or no harm […]

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Elevated Blood Pressure and Early Pregnancy Loss

elevated blood pressure and early pregnancy loss

Most people know that high blood pressure is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but what do we know about elevated blood pressure and early pregnancy loss? Blood pressure is measured using two numbers. The first or top number is called systolic blood pressure and is a measurement of the pressure (mm Hg) in your […]

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