Does Age Affect Male Fertility?

Does Age Affect Male Fertility?

Infertility affects women and men equally, but does age affect male fertility the same way it impacts women? Studies have shown that male fertility does begin to decline as men age; however, it does not have a significant effect until age 40-45, when sperm quality decreases.

Male Age and IVF Success

A recent well-controlled study of over 4,000 frozen embryo transfers did not show a difference in pregnancy rates or delivery rates when an embryo was derived from men over 40 or from those under 40. Patients who had an embryo transfer of a chromosomally normal embryo were divided into paternal ages less than 40 years old and those greater than or equal to 40 years old; the age of the women was standardized so that the effect of the woman’s age did not confound the results. All embryos at the blastocyst stage were tested with Pre-implantation Genetic Testing (PGT) to determine which embryo had all normal chromosomes.

The results of this study revealed that sperm parameters and fertilization rates were not different in men under 40 and those over 40 (both 85%). In addition, and most importantly, the pregnancy rates (82%) and delivery rates (60%) were also statistically no different in both groups.

The embryos created by men over the age of 40 did reveal a slight decrease in the embryos growing to a blastocyst stage (50.6% vs. 56.4%). In addition to the lower chance of the embryos growing to a blastocyst stage, the number of chromosomally normal embryos was slightly decreased in the embryos derived for men over age 40 (62.9% vs. 71.1%).

In this very large, well-controlled study, it was reassuring that the fertilization, pregnancy, and delivery rates were the same in men over and under 40; the slightly lower chance of the embryos growing to blastocysts and a slightly lower number of chromosomally normal embryos in the men over 40 is consistent with previous studies.

Contact Us

At Fertility Centers of New England, many patients come to us because they are struggling with infertility and/or miscarriages. We are proud to have helped thousands of patients realize their dream of becoming a parent. If you have questions, please contact us to schedule your initial consultation.

You May Also Like

Can COVID-19 Be Detected in Human Semen?

Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, patients and healthcare providers have wondered about the impact of this virus on every aspect of human reproduction. On a daily basis, statistics…

Exercise Improves Sperm Number And Quality

A recent study published in the December 2016 journal Reproduction showed that moderate exercise improves sperm number and quality. By exercising three times a week sperm quality improved; the improvement…

Ibuprofen Use May Have a Negative Impact On Male Fertility

When a couple is trying to conceive, the focus is often on the female partner. Many women will learn to track their periods, check for ovulation, and identify their fertile…